Ross Bagdasarian

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from David Seville (entertainer))

Ross S. Bagdasarian
Born(1919-01-27)January 27, 1919
DiedJanuary 16, 1972(1972-01-16) (aged 52)
Resting placeChapel of the Pines Crematory
Other namesDavid Seville (stage name)
Occupations
  • Singer
  • songwriter
  • record producer
  • actor
Years active1939–1972
Notable workAlvin and the Chipmunks
StyleNovelty music[1]
TelevisionThe Alvin Show (1961–62)
Spouse
Armenouhi "Armen" Kulhanjian
(m. 1946)
[2]
Children3, including Ross Jr.
RelativesWilliam Saroyan (cousin)
Janice Karman (daughter-in-law)

Ross S. Bagdasarian[a] (/bæɡdəˈsɛriən/; January 27, 1919 – January 16, 1972), known professionally by his stage name David Seville,[3] was an American singer, songwriter, record producer, and actor, best known for creating the cartoon band Alvin and the Chipmunks. Initially a stage and film actor, he rose to prominence in 1958 with the songs "Witch Doctor" and "The Chipmunk Song (Christmas Don't Be Late)", which both became Billboard number-one singles. He produced and directed The Alvin Show, which aired on CBS in 1961–1962.

Early life[edit]

Bagdasarian[a] was born on January 27, 1919, in Fresno, California to an Armenian-American family.[8] His father was a grape-grower.[9] He had two elder brothers: Richard Sirak (1910–1966) and Harry Sisvan (1915–1989).[8] The novelist William Saroyan, with whom he was very close, was his first cousin.[10][11]

Bagdasarian graduated from Fresno High School in 1937.[8] He went to New York to work with his cousin Saroyan with the intention of becoming an actor.[9] When World War II started, he enlisted and served four years as a control tower operator[12] and rose to the rank of a staff sergeant (SSgt) in the Army Air Forces.[13] He spent time in England, France and Spain;[9] his later stage name "David Seville" originated from the fact that he was stationed in the city of Seville in Spain and he liked the city.[9][14]

After the war, he returned to Fresno and married Armenouhi "Armen" Kulhanjian, and they tried for a time to be grape growers. They were unsuccessful and they moved to Los Angeles where he started a career as a songwriter.[9]

Career[edit]

Acting[edit]

Bagdasarian's Broadway debut was in 1939 when he played the newsboy in The Time of Your Life by William Saroyan, his cousin.[15] He also appeared in minor roles in several films, such as Viva Zapata! (1952), Stalag 17 (1953), Destination Gobi (1953), Rear Window (1954), and The Proud and Profane (1956).[16][15] Notably, in Alfred Hitchcock's Rear Window, he is the piano player.[17] In Stalag 17, he sings "I Love You" in a pivotal scene at the POW Christmas Party.

Singing and songwriting[edit]

Bagdasarian's major success with songwriting came with "Come On-a My House". The song was rejected by many record companies as being "too ethnic", until Mitch Miller of Columbia Records came across the song, liked it and persuaded Rosemary Clooney to record it.[9] The song was originally recorded by Kay Armen in 1950, but the version recorded by Rosemary Clooney in 1951 turned into a million-selling hit.[16] It is an adaptation of an Armenian folk song Bagdasarian wrote with his cousin William Saroyan.[18][19][20] The song was originally composed for their off-Broadway musical The Son.[21] It launched Clooney's career, reaching number one on Billboard charts and was number four on Billboard year-end top 30 singles of 1951.[22] The song sold some 750,000 records in a month.[23] In 1954, he wrote "Hey, Brother, Pour the Wine", a hit for Dean Martin.[16]

In 1955 Bagdasarian signed with the then newly established Liberty Records. In early 1956 he had a transcontinental hit with the novelty record "The Trouble with Harry" (inspired by the homonymous Hitchcock film) credited to Alfi & Harry,[24][25] although Alfi & Harry was just one person, Bagdasarian himself.[26] It reached No. 44 on the Billboard chart[27] and was a bigger hit in the United Kingdom reaching No. 15.[28]

In 1956, he wrote an instrumental "Armen's Theme" named after his wife. The executives at Liberty Records suggested that he adopt a pseudonym as they thought his name too difficult to pronounce.[9] In December 1956, he charted with his first record credited to his David Seville pseudonym, and "Armen's Theme" reached No. 42 on the Billboard chart.[29]

Dave Seville and the Chipmunks[edit]

Bagdasarian pictured in the 1950s

Bagdasarian's rise to prominence came with the song "Witch Doctor" in 1958,[30] which was created after he experimented with the speed control on a tape recorder bought with $200 (around $2,000 adjusted for inflation as of 2022) from the family savings.[31] Liberty Records released this novelty record under the David Seville name. It is a duet between his real voice and accelerated version.[16] The record went on to become a Billboard number-one single by April 28, 1958, and further established him as a songwriter.[20] It sold 1.5 million copies.[32]

Bagdasarian went on to create his trio of Chipmunks named after the executives of Liberty Records: Simon, Theodore, and Alvin, named for Simon "Si" Waronker, Theodore "Ted" Keep, and Alvin Bennett.[16][33] Their debut song, "The Chipmunk Song (Christmas Don't Be Late)" was released on November 17, 1958, and became a number one hit by New Years Day.[34] The song sold 4 million records in the first few months.[15] It topped Billboard charts the two weeks before and two weeks after New Years and won three Grammy Awards at the 1st Annual Grammy Awards on May 4, 1959: Best Recording for Children, Best Comedy Performance, and Best Non-Classical Engineered Song.[35][36] Bagdasarian won the first two as David Seville. The song was the 23rd most performed Christmas song of the 20th century.[37]

Shana Alexander, writing for Life magazine in 1959, noted that Bagdasarian was the first case in the "annals of popular music that one man has served as writer, composer, publisher, conductor and multiple vocalist of a hit record, thereby directing all possible revenues from the song back into his pocket." Alexander also found it remarkable that Bagdasarian "can neither read nor write music nor play any musical instrument in the accepted sense of the word."[38] Bagdasarian owned Chipmunk Enterprises, which sponsored Chipmunk-related sales. By 1963, some 15 companies were using or planned to use Alvin figures. By that year, Billboard magazine estimated the total income from the Chipmunks' record sales (including overseas sales) and record club sales to be around $20 million (around $171 million adjusted for inflation to 2021 dollars).[30]

In the following years, the Chipmunks released several hit songs: "Alvin's Harmonica" (1959), "Ragtime Cowboy Joe" (1959), "Alvin's Orchestra" (1960), "Rudolph the Red Nosed Reindeer" (1960), "The Alvin Twist" (1962), and the album The Chipmunks Sing the Beatles Hits in 1964 during the British Invasion.[16]

Bagdasarian then produced The Alvin Show, a TV cartoon broadcast on CBS from October 1961 to September 1962.[15]

Personal life[edit]

Bagdasarian married Armenouhi "Armen" Kulhanjian (1927–1991) in 1946.[2][b] They had three children: Carol Askine (b. 1947), an actress; Ross Jr. (b. 1949); and Adam Serak (b. 1954), a fiction writer.[2][31][17] They lived in Los Angeles from 1950.[20][16] As of 1963 he owned a grape ranch in California called the Chipmunk Ranch.[30] In the mid-1960s, he bought Sierra Wine Corp., a winery that supplied product, among others, to E & J Gallo Winery.[17]

Death and legacy[edit]

Bagdasarian died of a heart attack at his home in Beverly Hills on January 16, 1972, eleven days before his 53rd birthday.[15][16] He was cremated and inurned at the Chapel of the Pines Crematory in Los Angeles.[42]

Bagdasarian willed the Chipmunks franchise to his wife and three children.[31] Ross Jr. said in an interview that he "worshipped" his father and felt a need to continue his work.[31] He resumed the franchise with his wife Janice Karman in the late 1970s, after finishing law school,[20] and became the complete owner when he bought the rights from his siblings in the mid-1990s.[17]

Discography[edit]

Albums[edit]

  • The Music of David Seville (1957 Liberty 3073)
  • The Witch Doctor Presents: David Seville...and his Friends (1958 Liberty 3092)
  • Let's All Sing with the Chipmunks (1959 Liberty 3132)
  • The Chipmunks Sing the Beatles Hits (1964 Sunset/Liberty; as Alvin and the Chipmunks with David Seville)
  • Chipmunks à Go-Go (1965 Liberty 3424; as Alvin, Simon and Theodore with David Seville)
  • The Mixed-up World of Bagdasarian (1966 Liberty 7451; recorded under David Seville's real name, Ross Bagdasarian)
  • The Alvin Show

Filmography[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ a b Sometimes known as Bagdasarian Sr. to distinguish from his son, Ross Bagdasarian Jr.. He is listed as Ross S. Bagdasarian in the California Birth Index,[4] World War II Army Enlistment Records,[5] and in California Deaths and Burials.[6]
    William Saroyan, his cousin, gave his full name as Sipon Rostom Bagdasarian.[7] Mark Arnold gives it as Rostom Sipan Bagdasarian.[8]
  2. ^ She was widely referred to, including by Bagdasarian,[39] as "Armen".[31][40][41]
Citations
  1. ^ Lapka, Larry. "David Seville". AllMusic. Archived from the original on August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b c Arnold 2019, p. 25.
  3. ^ Studwell, William E. (1996). "From "Jingle Bells" to "Jingle Bell Rock"". Music Reference Services Quarterly. 5 (1): 5. doi:10.1300/J116v05n01_01. ...for the pseudonym he used for the chipmunk enterprise, David Seville, is far better remembered than his real name.
  4. ^ "California Birth Index, 1905-1995," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:VGNS-4XQ : 27 November 2014), Ross S Bagdasarian, 27 Jan 1919; citing Fresno, California, United States, Department of Health Services, Vital Statistics Department, Sacramento.
  5. ^ "United States World War II Army Enlistment Records, 1938-1946," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:K8GX-N9T : 5 December 2014), Ross S Bagdasarian, enlisted 05 Jan 1942, Fresno, California, United States; citing "Electronic Army Serial Number Merged File, ca. 1938-1946," database, The National Archives: Access to Archival Databases (AAD) (http://aad.archives.gov : National Archives and Records Administration, 2002); NARA NAID 1263923, National Archives at College Park, Maryland.
  6. ^ "California Deaths and Burials, 1776-2000", database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:HGWK-8H6Z : 4 February 2020), Ross S. Bagdasarian.
  7. ^ Saroyan, William (1979). Obituaries. Berkeley, California: Creative Arts Book Company. p. 328. ISBN 9780916870171. ...my cousin Sipon Rostom Bagdasarian...
  8. ^ a b c d Arnold 2019, p. 13.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g Bronson, Fred (1997). The Billboard Book of Number One Hits. Billboard Books. p. 36. ISBN 9780823076413.
  10. ^ Smith, J. Y. (May 19, 1981). "William Saroyan Dies at 72". Washington Post.
  11. ^ Studwell, William E.; Lonergan, David (2014). The Classic Rock and Roll Reader: Rock Music from Its Beginnings to the Mid-1970s. Routledge. p. 177. ISBN 9781317720683.
  12. ^ Arnold 2019, p. 17.
  13. ^ Our Boys Committee (1951). Armenian-American Veterans of World War II. New York: Armenian General Benevolent Union of America. p. 173.
  14. ^ Blevins, Joe (November 10, 2015). "The Dark, Angry Father of 'Alvin and the Chipmunks'". New York Magazine. Vulture.com. Archived from the original on November 30, 2018.
  15. ^ a b c d e "Ross Bagdasarian, Actor, Song Writer". The New York Times. Associated Press. January 19, 1972.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h Talevski, Nick (2010). "David Seville". Rock Obituaries: Knocking On Heaven's Door. Omnibus Press. p. 582. ISBN 9780857121172.
  17. ^ a b c d Pearson, Ryan (December 21, 2007). "Chipmunks legacy is a family affair". Los Angeles Times. Associated Press. Archived from the original on September 22, 2018.
  18. ^ Holden, Stephen (May 9, 1986). "Pop/Jazz; Clooney and Bennett, Old-School Professionals". The New York Times.
  19. ^ Tyler, Don (2008). Music of the Postwar Era. ABC-CLIO. p. 60. ISBN 9780313341915.
  20. ^ a b c d Bentley, Rick (December 21, 2009). "Fresno native's chipmunks charm 3 generations". The Fresno Bee. Archived from the original on October 20, 2017.
  21. ^ Gentry, Philip (2014). "Whiteness and Sex in the Music of Rosemary Clooney" (PDF). American Music Review. The H. Wiley Hitchcock Institute for Studies in American Music, Conservatory of Music, Brooklyn College of the City University of New York. 43 (2). Archived from the original (PDF) on September 23, 2020.
  22. ^ Orozco, Ron (January 22, 2015). "Fresno Art Museum show marks 100th anniversary of Armenian Genocide". The Fresno Bee. Archived from the original on October 20, 2017.
  23. ^ Ross, Lillian; Gill, Brendan (September 8, 1951). "Everything A Song Ross". New Yorker.
  24. ^ Lewis, Uncle Dave. "Alfi & Harry". allmusic.com. AllMusic. Archived from the original on August 19, 2021.
  25. ^ McClement, Ron (2001). "Ross Bagdasarian, a.k.a. David Seville". rockabilly.nl. BlackCat Rockabilly Europe. Archived from the original on March 17, 2020.
  26. ^ Kelly, Michael Bryan (1993). Liberty Records: A History of the Recording Company and Its Stars, 1955-1971. McFarland. p. 19. ISBN 9780899507408.
  27. ^ "The Top 100". Billboard. February 4, 1956. p. 40.
  28. ^ "The Trouble With Harry". officialcharts.com. The Official UK Charts Company. Archived from the original on August 13, 2020.
  29. ^ Drake, Howard. "Armen's Theme By: David Seville". musicvf.com. Music VF. Archived from the original on August 19, 2021.
  30. ^ a b c "Alvin Plunges Into Side Lines". Billboard. April 6, 1963. p. 16.
  31. ^ a b c d e Dougherty, Steve; Tomashoff, Craig (February 22, 1993). "Squeak of Success". People. (archived)
  32. ^ Adams, Cecil (January 17, 1986). "How were the high-pitched voices of the Chipmunks created?". Chicago Reader. The Straight Dope. (archived)
  33. ^ Cox, Stephen (December 21, 2018). ""The Chipmunk Song" Turns 60: Secrets of a Holiday Novelty Smash". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved December 11, 2021.
  34. ^ Beck, Jerry (2005). The Animated Movie Guide. Chicago Review Press. p. 53.
  35. ^ "Today in 1959: First Grammy Awards handed out". Los Angeles Times. May 4, 2009.
  36. ^ Dessem, Matthew (February 12, 2017). "A Look Back at the Most Legendary Grammy Wins of All Time". Slate.
  37. ^ According to the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers. Crump, William D. (2013). The Christmas Encyclopedia (3rd ed.). McFarland. p. 71. ISBN 9781476605739.
  38. ^ Alexander, Shana (March 23, 1959). "Alvin! Composer's yells at son inspire another chipmunk hit". Life. pp. 43-44. 23 March 1959
  39. ^ Arnold 2019, p. 18.
  40. ^ Ryon, Ruth (May 1, 1994). "Arnolds Seek More Space". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on August 29, 2021. The home had been owned by the late Armen Bagdasarian, widow of songwriter Ross S. Bagdasarian Sr....
  41. ^ Lee, Lawrence; Gifford, Barry (1998). Saroyan: A Biography. University of California Press. p. 250. ISBN 9780520213999. At the second wedding, left to right, Ross and Armen Bagdasarian...
  42. ^ Wilson, Scott (2016). Resting Places: The Burial Sites of More Than 14,000 Famous Persons (3rd ed.). McFarland. p. 36. ISBN 9781476625997.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Arnold, Mark (2019). Aaaaalllviiinnn!: The Story of Ross Bagdasarian Sr., Liberty Records, Format Films and The Alvin Show. BearManor Media. ISBN 978-1-62933-432-5.

External links[edit]

Business positions
Preceded by
Created
President of Bagdasarian Productions
1961–1972
Succeeded by
Owner of Alvin and the Chipmunks
1958–1972
Preceded by
Created
Voice of Dave Seville
1958–1972
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Created
Voice of Alvin & The Chipmunks
1958–1972
Succeeded by
Ross Bagdasarian Jr.
Preceded by
Created
Voice of Alvin Seville
1958–1972
Succeeded by
Ross Bagdasarian Jr.
Preceded by
Created
Voice of Simon Seville
1958–1972
Succeeded by
Ross Bagdasarian Jr.
Preceded by
Created
Voice of Theodore Seville
1958–1972
Succeeded by
Janice Karman