Cachoeiro de Itapemirim

Coordinates: 20°50′56″S 41°06′46″W / 20.84889°S 41.11278°W / -20.84889; -41.11278
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Cachoeiro de Itapemirim
Municipality of Cachoeiro de Itapemirim
Flag of Cachoeiro de Itapemirim
Coat of arms of Cachoeiro de Itapemirim
Location in Espírito Santo
Location in Espírito Santo
Coordinates: 20°50′56″S 41°06′46″W / 20.84889°S 41.11278°W / -20.84889; -41.11278
Country Brazil
State Espírito Santo
Founded11 November 1890
 • TypeMayor-council
 • MayorVictor Coelho (PSB)
 • Total864.583 km2 (333.817 sq mi)
22 m (72 ft)
 (2020 est.)[2]
 • Total210,589
 • Density240/km2 (630/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−3 (BRT)
Area code+55 28
HDI (2010)0.746 – high[3]

Cachoeiro de Itapemirim (Portuguese pronunciation: [kaʃuˈe(j)ɾu dʒi itapemiˈɾĩj]) is a municipality and a major town, located in the south of Espírito Santo, Brazil, on the banks of the Itapemirim River. It is the economic hub of southern Espírito Santo, being the most important producer of marble and granite in Brazil. Home to one of the biggest intercity bus companies, it is a very well-connected city. The population is about 210,000. Location: 138 km south of Vitória.


Cachoeiro de Itapemirim's first commercial establishment opened in 1853, and in 1889 its first post office and telegram services were begun. Since its early days, transport has played a major role in this town. Since it was established by a waterfall, where it would be impossible to continue the journey up the river, it became an important stop for gold prospectors traveling to Minas Gerais. Many immigrant families which travelled to southern Espírito Santo established in the region.[citation needed]


The railway line to Rio de Janeiro was completed in 1900, allowing both cultural and economical influence from the latter. In 1911 the railway to Vitória was completed, strengthening links to the north.[citation needed]

The city is served by Cachoeiro de Itapemirim Airport.


The municipality contains the 451 hectares (1,110 acres) Pacotuba National Forest, created in 2002.[4] The quilombola community of Monte Alegre offers ethnic, cultural and environmental tourism in partnership with the forest and the ministry of tourism. This includes crafts and gastronomy, expression of traditions and community lifestyle, and guided tours of the forest.[5] The municipality contains part of the protected area of the Frade e a Freira Natural Monument.[6] It contains the 452 hectares (1,120 acres) Itabira Natural Monument.[7] The city is nicknamed A capital oculta do mundo, meaning "the secret capital of the world".

Notable people[edit]


  1. ^ "Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics" (in Portuguese). 2017. Retrieved March 27, 2019. 2018 Area Total
  2. ^ IBGE 2020
  3. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Archived from the original (PDF) on July 8, 2014. Retrieved August 1, 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ Gonçalves, Augusta Rosa; Helmer, José Luiz (June 2011), Plano De Manejo Da Floresta Nacional De Pacotuba (PDF) (in Portuguese), vol. I–Diagnóstico, Vila Vilha: ICMBio, p. 3, archived from the original (PDF) on March 3, 2016, retrieved October 27, 2016
  5. ^ Floresta Nacional de Pacotuba (in Portuguese), Via Rural, archived from the original on October 28, 2016, retrieved October 27, 2016
  6. ^ Monumento Natural O Frade e a Freira (in Portuguese), Secretário de Meio Ambiente, Espírito Santo, archived from the original on June 3, 2016, retrieved May 6, 2016
  7. ^ Official Record for Monumento Natural Do Itabira, Protected Planet, retrieved October 24, 2016
  8. ^ "A Listing of Grammy Award Winners". The New York Times. February 23, 1989.
  9. ^ "10 Most Influential Brazilian Music Artists". Archived from the original on July 7, 2011. Retrieved April 16, 2009.

External links[edit]